Designing a Social Network Based on an Era-based System for Enhancing and Developing Social and Spiritual Capitals in Scientific Sites (Case Study: University of Tehran)

Document Type : Research Paper


Professor, Faculty of Management, University of Tehran, Iran


In this research, by investigating spiritual capital literature and its relationship with other assets such as social capital we have discussed the important role of the media in promoting and consolidating concepts and the elements of these two capital due to prominence role of the media in changing attitudes And we express these concepts, withdrawal way of the charges of abstraction and non-applicability the uses of media With regard to consensus of all experts who were interviewed in this present study and different resulting themes, "Media recognized as a leader of transformation of in organizations" and social networks were introduced as the most influential present media in academic environments , that don’t have the disadvantages cited for these media such as complications and threats resulting to too virtualization in such networks, because of the powerful supporter groups in real science space, and the universities. With extraction resulting themes from the interviews, it is found that the enforcing spiritual capital in learning and knowledge-based organizations such as University of Tehran, through the media, requires the definition of a kind of social-media based on an independent and autonomous system, based on characteristics that are found in Era-based Cellular Planning.


پورعزت، علی اصغر. (1389). مدیریتراهبردیعصرمدار،رویکردآینده پژوهانهبهمنافعملی. تهران: انتشارات دانشگاه امام صادق علیه السلام
کاستلز، مانوئل. (1380). عصر اطلاعات: اقتصاد، جامعه و فرهنگ؛ ظهور جامعة شبکه‌ای، ج 1. ترجمه احد علیقلیان و افشین خاکباز. تهران: انتشارات طرح نو.
میرزایی اهرنجانی، حسن. (1385).زمینه های روش شناختی تئوری سازمان، سمت
Baker, Chris, and J Miles-Watson. (2008). "Exploring Secular Spiritual Capital: An Engagement in Religious and Secular Dialogue for a Common Future?". International Journal of Public Theology, 2(4), pp. 442-64.
Baker, Chris, and Hannah Skinner. (2006). "Faith in Action: The Dynamic Connection between Spiritual and Religious Capital." Final Report of The William Temple Foundation's Research Project, (2002-2005).
Baker, Chris, and Greg Smith. (2010). "Spiritual, Religious and Social Capital- Exploring Their Dimensions and Their Relationship with Faith-Based Motivation and Participation in UK Civil Society." Based on a paper presented at the BSA Sociology of Religion Group Conference, Edinburgh April 2010.
Berger, Peter, and Gordon Redding, eds. (2010). The Hidden Form of Capital· Spiritual Influences in Societal Progress.London: Anthem Press, 2010.
Boase, J. and B. Wellman. (2006). Personal Relationships: On and Off the Internet. In Handbook of Personal Relationships. A. L. Vangelisti and D. Perlman. (eds). Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.
Braun, Virginia; Clarke, Victoria. (2006). Using thematic analysis in psychology. Qualitative Research in Psychology, 3: 77-101.
Buckley. W. (1998). Society-A complex adaptive system (International Studies in Global Change). Routledge
Cummings, J. N., B. Butler, et al. (2002). "The Quality of Online Social Relationships." Communications of the Acm, 45(7): 103-108.
Eldred, Ken (2005). God is at Work by Regal Books
Fukuyama, F. (1999). “Social Capital and Civil Society”. From: external /pubs / ft / seminar / reformes /fukuyama, Htm, www. imf. org
Gibson, William (1984), Neuromancer, London: Victor Gollanz.
Holmes, David (2005) Communication theory: media, technology and society. London: Sage.
Kvale S, (1996). Interviews: An Introduction to qualitative research interviewing. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.
Lincoln Y and Guba EG (1985). Naturalistic Inquiry, Sage Publications, Newbury Park, CA.
Liu.Alex. (2007).Measuring Spiritual Capital as a Latent Variable, Pasadena, CA, USA.
Middlebrooks, Anthony, and Alain Noghiu. (2010). "Leadership and Spiritual Capital: Exploring the Link between Individual Service Disposition and Organisational Value." International Journal of Leadership Studies, 6(1), pp.67-85.
Miller, B. (2000). Spirituality for business leadership. Journal of Management Inquiry, 9(2), 132-133.
Nie, N. H. (2001). "Sociability, Interpersonal Relations, and the Internet - Reconciling Conflicting Findings." American Behavioral Scientist, 45(3): 420-435.
Palmer. David A)2013). Clarifying the Concept of Spiritual Capital.The Chinese University of Hong Kong, 10-13 July 2013.
Pourezzat, Ali Asghar. (2010). Comprehensive Knowledge Management System in Public Sector (CKMPS). Study Meeting on Knowledge Management in Public Sector. Asian Productivity Organization, Korea productivity center, Chuncheon, Korea, 2-5 November.
Rima, Samuel D. (2012). Spiritual Capital.- A A1oral Core for Social and Economic Justice, Farnham, UK: Gower/ Ashgate,2012.
Roulston, Kathryn. (2001). Data analysis and ‘theorizing as ideology’ Qualitative Research, 1(3): 279-302.
Zohar, Danah. (2010). "Exploring Spiritual Capital: An Interview with Danah Zohar." Spintualiry in Higher Education, 5(5), pp.1- 8.
Zohar, Danah, and Ian Marshall. (2004). Spiritual CapitaL- Wealth We Can Live By. San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler Publishers, Inc.
Zohar, Danah, and Ian Marshall. (2004). "Want More$$$? Try Spiritual Capital." (Transcript) The Spirit of Things ABC Radio National, Broadcast Sunday 11 July.